We often see espresso coffee machine plastered behind the bar counter of a coffee shop. The shape and type varies in each shop we visit. This difference will certainly differentiate between sophistication, function, and price.
Types of Espresso Coffee Machine :
- Super Automatic Espresso Machine
- Automatic Espresso Machine
- Semi-automatic Espresso Machine
- Manual Espresso Machine
- Professional Espresso Machine
As the name stuck to it, the espresso machine was a milestone in the birth of the espresso coffee drink. This drink is produced by extracting coffee grounds by spraying hot water under high pressure.
This coffee machine comes from Italy. The name espresso also comes from Italian which means express or fast because it is made to be served as soon as possible to customers.
History says that this coffee maker was created to serve the booming demand for coffee. In the 19th century, cafes began to exist and develop in several countries. The slow pace of the brewing process was a problem as customers had to queue and wait a long time for their drinks.
The Europeans then experimented and looked for ways to solve these problems. Angelo Moriondo, a man from Turin, Italy then found a tool to brew coffee. He patented his machine called new steam machinery for the economic and instantaneous confection of coffee beverages.
Unfortunately, the machine made by Moriondo was not able to satisfy the customers and finally disappeared without news. There were names like Luigi Bezerra, Desiderio Pavoni, Achille Gaggia, and others who later modified the Moriondo machine so that the espresso machine was born.
Over time and the development of the coffee world, espresso coffee machines have become increasingly popular. The following are the types of espresso machines based on how and their purpose for use.
This section functions as a container for coffee grounds to be extracted. Portafilter consists of a handle, basket, and spouts.
2. Water Boiler
A boiler is a container or tube that is inside an espresso machine. This section stores hot water which is used to make espresso and to froth milk.
3. Group Head
This part is in charge of extracting coffee with high pressure. Group head is a door that meets hot water from a water boiler with coffee grounds on the portafilter. On a super-automatic machine, there is no group head and portafilter because it only remains to enter coffee and press a button.
4. Extraction Switch
Extraction Switch is a button that functions to start and end the extraction process. This button will not be found in manual espresso machines. Automatic machines of different types have different buttons, some are pressed once, some need to press again to stop the process.
5. Steam Wand
A steam wand is a steam spray pipe for heating and frothing milk. This process of foaming milk is known as frothing. Usually used in making espresso drinks with a mixture of milk, such as lattes, cappuccino, and mochaccino.
6. Steam Knob
The steam knob is a button to turn on and off the steam wand steam. Each type of machine has a different button, some that can only be pressed, some can be rotated. The button that can be rotated is used to adjust the amount of steam to be released.
This tool serves to compress the coffee grounds on the portafilter by pressing the coffee grounds. The shape resembles a stamp or stamp tool.
8. Drip Tray
This is a container where water drops or remains when extracting coffee. It not only holds water but also scattered dregs or remnants of coffee grounds.
This tool is not a component that is attached to the machine. This tool is a container for disposing of coffee grounds on the portafilter after the extract process.
Automatic Super Espresso Machine
As the name suggests, super-automatic, this machine can automatically grind, compress, and extract coffee to become an espresso. In other words, this tool can replace the tasks that a barista usually does in making espresso.
How to use this super-automatic machine is very simple. You can simply press the available button as needed. Given the convenience it offers, this espresso coffee machine is suitable for home use.
A cup of espresso will be served quickly without measuring and determining the coffee grind like baristas do in shops. The resulting taste is not much different from the coffees made by reliable baristas. However, you won’t be able to explore measures and a few other techniques because almost all processes are automated.
If you are an idealist about taste and want to open a large coffee shop, this machine is not recommended. Hopefully, this machine can still help those of you who want to start a business by opening a small shop. Examples of well-known superautomatic brands are Delonghi and Jura.
Automatic Espresso Machine
Automatic espresso machines are often referred to as pod coffee. This modern design tool is one of the innovations in the world of coffee. Its use is very practical and not complicated because it uses sophisticated technology.
This automatic tool is a little different from espresso machines in general. Although labeled as automatic, this coffee machine is very different from the working concept of a super-automatic espresso machine.
In this tool, you don’t need coffee grounds to brew. However, what you need is a capsule as raw material that this machine will process automatically into a cup of coffee. Examples of well-known brands are Dolce Gusto and Nespresso with a price range of around 2-3 million rupiah depending on the type.
Pod coffee is not an espresso machine for a coffee shop. This tool is more suitable for use at home while relaxing or enjoying the morning.
Semi-automatic Espresso Machine
This espresso coffee machine is the most widely used for commercial purposes, both small and large taverns. Besides, this semi-automatic type is also very suitable for coffee enthusiasts who want to learn to be a reliable barista at home.
Generally, this espresso machine features a boiler, portafilter, and lever to extract coffee. Although there are automatic features, you can measure, grind, and compress your coffee to your favorite proportion.
At least, there are two types of semi-automatic machines. The first is a type of manual control, where the coffee extraction process can be stopped manually as desired. The second type is programmable dosage, which means that the machine will automatically stop itself once the coffee has reached the predetermined amount.
Manual Espresso Machine
Manual espresso machines generally come with a classic and elegant design. It is also very by its function. The name is manual, so full control is in the user.
Users must measure and grind the coffee beans themselves, tamping them, adjust the temperature and pressure, and how long the extract process takes. This type of espresso machine generally has more complete functional features such as a boiler, steam pressure gauge, portafilter, and manual lever to adjust the length of the extraction process manually.
If you have a coffee shop with a busy customer base, think twice before choosing this tool. However, if you feel that the barista is still capable and not overwhelmed by serving customers with this manual coffee machine, there is no problem.
Read too: All About Drip Coffee Makers
This is the machine the baristas dream of. This machine is also commonly referred to as a commercial espresso machine. Generally large and have complete features.
This espresso coffee maker has more than one extractor part. The aim is to support the production speed of espresso-based drinks.
This professional espresso machine is also intended for more complex applications. Generally used by large coffee shops to maintain coffee quality for customers who are idealistic about taste. Baristas who use it must also be experienced and qualified.
Some of the well-known and popular brands of professional espresso machine are Rancilio, La Marzocco, and the prima donna of the coffee world, Nouva Simonelli. Don’t ask, of course, the prices of these brands are very high. The average price is in the tens of millions, even hundreds of millions.
Be wise in choosing an espresso coffee machine
Some people think that the espresso coffee machine is the soul of the coffee shop. However, be wise in choosing which machine suits your needs. Also, consider the budget and the intended use of the tools you want to choose.
A coffee shop can still stand without the high-priced equipment. There are still many ways to brew and serve coffee that is no less delicious. One of them is manual brew whose tools tend to be cheaper than espresso coffee machine.
Read too: Super Automatic Espresso Coffee Makers