At least, coffee makers are divided into two types, automatic (electric) and manual.
Automatic Coffee Maker (Electric)
- Semi-automatic Espresso Machine
- Super Automatic Espresso Machine
- Filter Coffee Maker
Manual Coffee Maker
- Moka Pot
- Presso skirt
- French Press
- Vietnam Drip
Read too: Coffee: History, Types, Coffee Benefits
Presumably, the coffee culture is increasingly making people pay more attention to the coffee. Not only the types of coffee they consume, the methods and tools for making coffee are also the subject of discussion. Especially for coffee enthusiasts in the Third Wave Coffee era, where people began to go into detail about the coffee they consumed.
To enjoy a cup of coffee, of course, you don’t have to go to a coffee shop. Sometimes, a person is more comfortable with their brew.
To support the brewing process at home, coffee supplies are needed. Some coffee makers may feel unfamiliar to those who are not familiar with manual brew. Especially if you are used to consuming instant coffee.
The following are various coffee makers that you need to be familiar with. Weigh which one is important to have first. Don’t forget to adjust it to your budget.
The Most Basic Coffee Making Equipment
When we visit a coffee shop that is quite large, there will be rows of coffee makers of various kinds. For home use, it doesn’t need to be as complete as a coffee shop. Presumably, the basic and necessary home coffee makers are as follows.
1. Coffee Grinder
Storing coffee beans whole is the best way to keep them fresh. To produce a good taste, coffee beans need to be ground just before brewing.
Coffee grinders come in two types, namely manual and automatic. Manual grinder requires hand force to turn the grinder lever. Meanwhile, the automatic grinder requires electric power to grind.
Want it manual or automatic, it all depends on your needs and tastes. Choose a grinder that grinds fairly consistently. If it is intended for a coffee shop, it is advisable to use an electric grinder so you don’t get overwhelmed when it is crowded with customers.
2. The kettle
To pour hot water into a cup filled with coffee, of course, we need a kettle or kettle. There is no necessity regarding what kind of kettle is best. However, if possible, choose a gooseneck kettle as this model is the most recommended.
This tool is needed especially if you want to brew manually, especially the pour-over method. Needs accuracy in manual brew. The gooseneck kettle and the small hole can drain water slowly and gradually.
There are several types of gooseneck kettles available in the market, ranging from high prices to cheap ones. Choose according to your needs and of course adjust it to your budget.
We may be able to guess how many proportions of the ingredients are needed in the brewing process. However, these estimates are sometimes inaccurate and can cause coffee not to be extracted optimally. To maintain accuracy and consistency of taste, a balance is required.
The scale makes it easy for baristas and casual coffee makers to prepare for the brewing process. This tool can provide a more accurate measurement than just guessing it. You can quickly measure how much coffee you need for each brew.
Apart from measuring how much coffee is needed, the scale also plays a role in measuring how much-brewed water is. Too much water will make the brew taste tasteless. Likewise, if the water is too little, of course, the steeping will not be pleasant on the tongue.
That is the importance of the coffee scale in the coffee brewing process. Choose a digital scale because the size needed to weigh coffee is only a few grams. It doesn’t have to be expensive and luxurious, as long as it functions properly it will help.
For maximum brewing results, the temperature of the water used should not be arbitrary. Boiling water first is better than brewing using water stored in a thermos. However, water that has just boiled should not be used immediately for brewing.
The ideal temperature for hot water for the brewing process is around 90 ° C. Use a thermometer to check the temperature of the water.
Although the temperature of the water is of great concern, having a thermometer is not obligatory. If you don’t have a thermometer, once the water boils, let it sit for about two minutes. After that, the water is ready to be used for the brewing process.
This coffee equipment is the same as a thermometer. Its existence is not mandatory, but what’s wrong with having it. After all, the price is not too expensive, just choose a simple and affordable one.
This tool is available in several types. Some use a needle indicator, some are digital.
If you don’t have a timer, that’s not a problem and an excuse for not being able to brew coffee. No rattan, the roots are ready. Just use the seconds count on your wall clock, watch, or maybe your smartphone.
In essence, what matters is not the tools, but the concept and purpose of the coffee equipment used. As long as there are alternatives, any method is fine.
Electric Coffee Machine
To achieve ease and speed in enjoying coffee, an automatic coffee maker was created. These machines require electrical power to make coffee into ready-to-drink drinks.
Several electric coffee machines have also developed along with the increasingly modern pace of civilization. The following are frequently used automatic or electric coffee makers.
1. Semi-automatic Espresso Machine
The high number of coffee enthusiasts has made automatic machines grow. At a bar in one coffee shop, there is generally an espresso machine. This machine is very helpful for baristas to serve espresso-based coffee drinks quickly.
Espresso machines come in several types. Starting from the classic and manual, to the professional. The price also varies, from the price of one million to hundreds of millions.
Based on the work process, there are four types of espresso machines. The four types are super-automatic, automatic, semi-automatic, manual, and professional.
Although there are automatic features, you can still measure, grind, and compress the coffee yourself according to your favorite dosage. In contrast to automatic machines where coffee can be served without having to measure it with certain techniques.
At least, this semi-automatic machine has two types. The first is the manual control type, where the coffee extraction process can be stopped manually as desired. The second type is programmable dosage, which means that the machine will automatically stop itself once the coffee reaches the predetermined amount.
Read too: Complete Coffee Information
2. Super Automatic Espresso Machine (Bean to Cup)
If previously discussed semi-automatic espresso machines, where you can mix your measurements, now is the time to discuss bean to cup machines. The purpose of bean to cup is where the process of making coffee drinks is only a matter of inserting coffee beans and pressing the buttons available on the machine.
This machine can automatically grind, compress, and extract coffee to become an espresso. In other words, this tool can replace the usual tasks that a barista does in making espresso. This machine is also often referred to as a super-automatic espresso machine.
How to use this super-automatic machine is very simple. You just need to press the available button as needed. The convenience that this espresso coffee machine offers makes it suitable for home use.
The taste produced by this machine may not be much different from the coffees made by reliable baristas. However, you cannot explore measures and a few other techniques because almost all processes are automated.
3. Pod Coffee
Another automatic coffee maker that has a modern design and is one of the innovations in the world of coffee is pod coffee. Its use is very practical and not complicated because it uses sophisticated technology.
In this tool, you don’t need coffee beans or grounds to brew. However, what you need is coffee capsules as raw material which this machine will process automatically into a cup of coffee. Examples of well-known brands are Dolce Gusto and Nespresso.
Percolator comes from the word percolation, which means the technique of making a solution bypassing the solvent through the solute which is then filtered. It seems that manual brew pours over techniques such as V60, Chemex, and Vietnam drip are applications of the percolation method.
At first, the way to heat water in a percolator was with a furnace or stove. However, as technology developed, a more compact and automatic percolator was invented, namely the electric percolator.
The coffee grounds are put into the filter inside the percolator which is already filled with water. After that, just heat the water by turning on the percolator with electric power. Very easy, right?
5. Filter Coffee Maker
This coffee maker is known as a drip coffee maker or filter coffee maker. Usually used in restaurants or hotels as serving coffee in large quantities. However, there are also small coffee makers intended for home use.
How to use it, first, of course, prepare the amount of coffee powder you want to serve, then put it in the coffee container on the machine. The ratio of coffee and water must be considered. Enter the desired amount of water into the coffee maker tank.
The next step, turn on the machine to boil water and extract the coffee. The coffee-making process takes approximately 10 minutes. Just wait and then turn off the engine after the process is complete.
These automatic coffee makers tend to reduce the acidity level of the coffee. Coffee fans who are idealistic about taste may not like the brew from this tool.
Manual Coffee Maker
Unlike the espresso machine or percolator, the manual coffee maker is intended for the manual brew method. As the name implies, the manual brew is a technique in which the brewing process is carried out with tools that are manually operated by humans.
Although the goal is the same, which is to create a delicious brew of coffee, each brewing tool can produce a different coffee taste. Even though the dosage and the coffee variant are the same. Below are coffee supplies for the popular manual brew method.
Read too: Complete Coffee Information
1. Moka Pot
Moka pot is a traditional coffee maker from Italy. This tool was created by Alfonso Bialetti in 1933.You could say, the Moka pot is a manual espresso maker. This tool does not require electrical power. The process of boiling water is done by heating the Moka pot on the stove or stove.
This method uses a high steam pressure just like making espresso. The pressure generated by this tool is quite simple, boiling water will press the ground coffee that is compacted into the filter above. The results from the process then come out through the funnel and fill the upper vessel.
2. Presso skirt
Just like other espresso coffee makers, Rok Presso uses high pressure to extract coffee. However, the difference with an espresso machine, this tool creates pressure manually. The trick is to press the two levers found in this tool.
In the past, this tool was known as pressed only. However, over time, it changed its name to Rok Presso.
If you don’t have enough budget to buy an espresso machine, this tool can be an alternative. The price tends to be cheaper than an electric espresso machine with an equivalent quality espresso.
3. French Press
This simple coffee maker consists of a vessel with a filter at the top called a plunger. The way to brew it is to let the coffee brewed with hot water sit in the vessel for about 4 minutes. After that, press the plunger gently until the coffee grounds are pressed to the bottom.
Very easy, right? Hopefully, this french press is the second simplest brewing method after the collision method.
This tool was created by Alan Adler in 2005. He is the director of a toy product company for sports called Aerobie.
Aeropress design is unique and futuristic. The plastic material makes this tool not easily damaged. How to use it reminiscent of the french press by pressing the plunger.
There are three main parts, namely the chamber, plunger, and cap. Aeropress requires filter paper to filter pressed coffee grounds.
This coffee kit was created in Tokyo, Japan in 2004 by a company called Hario. The name V60 was chosen because its shape resembles the letter “v” with an angle of 60 °.
The shape of the V60 resembles a cup but has a hole at the bottom. The basic ingredients vary. Some are made of glass, plastic, or ceramic.
This tool supports the pour-over method, where the dish is produced by slowly brewing coffee powder drop by drop. Therefore, the V60 requires filter paper or filters.
In 1941, Dr. Peter Schlumbohm invented a coffee maker called Chemex. This German-born American chemist became famous for his findings.
His coffee maker often appears in films and literary works. One of them is the novel From Russia, with Love (1957) by Ian Fleming. It is said that James Bond brewed coffee through Chemex which he bought from a shop on New Oxford Street.
Chemex is made of borosilicate glass. The shape resembles an Erlenmeyer flask. This coffee maker is used for the pour-over method so it requires a filter.
7. Vietnam Drip
Vietnam in the coffee world is famous for its traditional coffee equipment, which is known as the Vietnam Dripper. The shape is a filter that resembles a small glass in which coffee grounds are brewed. The filter is then placed right on top of the serving glass that has been filled with sweetened condensed milk.
The resulting brew with this technique is known as Vietnamese-style coffee milk. This drink has several other names in various places, including Vietnamese iced coffee, drip coffee, and Vietnam drip. By the Vietnamese people themselves, this drink is known as cà phê đá.
Another name for this coffee maker is a vacuum pot. This brewing tool does look different from the others. Siphon consists of two tubes that differ in function and how they work.
The tube above is called the hopper (the funnel), while the one below is the bulb (bulb). The bulb serves as a place to heat water to boil. When it boils, the water will rise to the hopper.
While the water is boiling, the coffee grounds are put into the hopper. Wait a few minutes, then turn off the heater. The coffee extract results will drop back into the bulb, while the dregs will be filtered and left in the hopper.