How to Make Coffee Like a Coffee Barista

Making good coffee depends on how you choose the raw material, several factors that must be considered, namely :
The type of coffee, arabica, or robusta?
The quality of the coffee beans.
Grind size used.
Single-origin or blend?
Quality of complementary ingredients such as milk, chocolate, or creamer.
Not only raw materials but tools are also important. Some that you have to prepare are :

Automatic or manual espresso machine.
Coffee grinder.
French press.
Dripper.
Thermometer.

Read too: Complete Coffee Information

For the complete recipe, see this article!

Cafe or coffee shop has many variations and ways to make good coffee. Unfortunately, not all coffee connoisseurs have a lot of free time to enjoy coffee at the cafe. For the busy coffee connoisseur, we have tips for making great cafe-style coffee that is easy for you to try at home.

In making cafe-style coffee, it is important to choose and understand the ingredients, tools, and types of coffee drinks. Because a good drink starts with good raw materials and tools.

How to brew cafe-style coffee is not difficult, but it takes preparation and practice. Don’t be discouraged if your first try isn’t as good as the cafe. Barista cafe is not immediately proficient with just one try.

Tips for Choosing Quality Coffee and the Combinations

Choosing ingredients is not a trivial matter, making good coffee starts with the right ingredients. The precise point, in this case, is that the method, coffee beans, and other ingredients used must match the type of drink you want to make.

1. Arabica or Robusta

The two most common types of coffee are Robusta and arabica, both of which have different characteristics and content of substances. Arabica has a less bitter taste due to its lower caffeine content, but its taste tends to be sour. Robusta tends to be bitter because it is higher in caffeine, but has a sharper aroma and doesn’t taste sour.

If you are still a beginner and want to try how to brew coffee with manual brewing, it is advisable to use arabica beans. Robusta is tarter in taste, so making good coffee requires more experimentation.

2. Quality of Coffee Beans

To make good cafe-style coffee requires good quality beans because poor quality beans not only taste different but can destroy the taste.

For the taste and aroma to be more delicious, it is advisable to buy coffee beans and grind them just before brewing coffee. The beans in question are coffee beans that have been roasted (roasted coffee bean), not raw (green bean).

The quality of coffee beans has several levels, these levels are divided based on the number of defects or defects. Defects in coffee beans are caused by many factors, planting conditions, picking, pests, etc.

According to SCAA standards, coffee grades are divided into grades 1 to 5. Grade 1 is the highest quality coffee beans with the number of full defects <5 beans per 300 grams. Meanwhile, grade 5 is the lowest quality coffee beans with the number of full defects> 86 beans per 300 grams. Of course, grade 1 seeds have the best taste quality

3. Milled Size

The first step in how to brew good cafe-style coffee, you need to pay attention to the size of the grind. Mill size affects contact, extraction time, and flow

Be careful, the finer the grind, the faster the extraction process but the bitter taste will be. Because the flow of water will be hampered and the longer the contact time (water and coffee) and over-extraction occurs.

The grind sizes of coffee beans are extra coarse, coarse, medium, medium-fine, fine, and ultra-fine in order from coarse to finer.

How to make coffee powder is very easy, adjust the size by making the coffee you are going to do.

  • Extra coarse is the coarsest, the powder looks like pepper. This mill is suitable for cold brew because of the long extraction of taste.
  • Coarse is slightly smoother than extra coarse, such as sea salt (not refined salt). Usually, coffee ground like this is used for the French press.
  • Medium, including medium size, the powder feels like sand. This measure is used for most manual brew methods.
  • Medium fine is in medium and fine grind transition. So, the powder is finer than medium but not as fine. This size mill is best used for the pour-over method.
  • Fine is the size you usually get if you buy coffee grounds if you don’t order a special size. The powder is like fine salt. Used if your brewing method involves a machine.
  • Ultrafine is used very rarely because it requires a special grinder. The size is like flour. Used to make Turkish coffee.

4. Single Origin or Blend

Single-origin is a coffee drink that uses coffee beans from the same area. Indonesian coffees that are famous for their single-origin delights are Gayo, Bali Kintamani, and Mandailing.
Single-origin is delicious, but too simple because it only relies on one characteristic. To get a richer taste, the method is to mix or blend.

Each cafe has its concoction or what is called a house-blend. You can also try blending different seeds in different ratios.

For example, you combine Gayo Team Team, Ateng Super, with Mandailing. The result is coffee with a strong body, low acidity, sweet chocolate aroma character, and does not leave a bitter aftertaste.

Finding the right mixture takes a lot of patience, time, and effort. If you want something easier, you can buy coffee blends available at cafes or roastery such as Sasame Coffee.

5. Choosing Milk and Chocolate for Coffee Combinations

In the procedure for making coffee, two complementary ingredients are often used, namely milk and chocolate. Milk is used for many types of espresso-based drinks such as lattes, cappuccinos, and macchiato. While chocolate is used as the main mixture of mochaccino.

In choosing milk, use milk that still contains fat. Do not use low or nonfat types of milk. The fat in milk makes it easier for you to foam and provides better consistency.

Chocolate is used for a wide variety of delicious coffee drinks such as mochaccinos and frappuccinos. Avoid using ready-made chocolate syrup. Although easy to find and use, chocolate syrup on the market has a high sugar content.

We recommend that you use pure cocoa powder. If you like it sweet, you can use sweet cocoa powder, which doesn’t contain as much sugar as chocolate syrup.

Various types of drinks and how to make coffee using chocolate and milk as a compliment. Don’t choose carelessly because it will make the final result unpleasant.

Choosing a Tool for Making Great Coffee

For those of you who want to try how to brew cafe-style coffee, it’s good to learn about the tools that can be used for various types of presentations. Here are some types of coffee makers that you should know:

1. Espresso Machine or Rok Presso

This machine can make a wide variety of drinks, such as cappuccino, macchiato, americano, latte, and many more. A sophisticated espresso machine usually has features that determine the size of the dish, steamer, and frother. The price of this machine is quite expensive, so you should think first when you want to buy this machine.

Alternatively, you can use a manual espresso machine or a press skirt. This tool is not as practical as a coffee machine, but it can make an espresso just as good. We do not recommend using other methods of making espresso such as Aeropress or french press because they are not optimal.

2. Coffee Grinder

Choosing quality coffee beans is the key to perfect coffee. Coffee grounds should ideally run out after two months of grinding. It is better to store coffee beans and grind them before making coffee, as the beans are more durable than coffee grounds.

There are two types of coffee bean grinders, automatic and manual. There is no difference except from the operation and convenience. The most important thing is the result of the grind that is in size according to the method of serving the coffee to be done.

The Coffee Grinder or coffee grinder is a very good investment when it comes to coffee making. To make great coffee, you must have this tool.

3. French Press

A French press is a tool that is quite easy to find and use, shaped like a teapot but a cylinder with a plunger and filter that can be pressed. If you love black coffee, this is a must-have tool.

The French press goes great with coffee that has an earthy character and a bold body.

Apart from making delicious coffee, this tool is also useful for making milk foam. Milk foam is used for mixed drinks such as lattes and cappuccinos.

4. Pour Over Dripper

Pour Over is a method of dripping water through coffee grounds and filters. Many people think this way of making coffee is the best for enjoying a cup of coffee. Because the resulting aroma is strong but the texture of the coffee remains light.

There are many different methods and types of pour-over methods to make great coffee, but the most popular ones are Chemex, Kalita, and v60. The dripper used differs from one method to another, our suggestion is to have one as a start.

5. Kitchen Thermometer

The kitchen thermometer helps you to measure the temperature to be precise when making coffee because it takes precision for maximum results. Some coffees have an unpleasant reaction in the mouth when they are given too hot or too cold water. So having a kitchen thermometer will come in very handy for making great coffee.

Difference between the coffee machine and manual brew

Broadly speaking, how to make coffee can be classified into two, namely by machine and manual brew. Both have their advantages and disadvantages.

Using the machine is more practical and saves time, but the price of the coffee machine is more expensive and requires maintenance. How to brew coffee without the aid of a machine or manual brew is simpler, but making good coffee using this method requires regular practice.

How to brew coffee using a machine and manual brew produces a different drink character. The grind size of the coffee beans used is also different. For a machine, the minimum size of the coffee powder used is fine. Meanwhile, the manual brew method mostly uses medium grind.

In the coffee machine process, crema or foam can be found that appears, this is due to the coffee being processed under the pressure and heat of the machine. This can be a sign of how well the beans are being used for making the espresso. Crema is rarely found in manual brew coffee.

How to Make Espresso Based Coffee

This type of coffee drink uses the basic ingredients of espresso. Do not use manual brew brewed coffee to make this type of drink because it won’t taste good.

1. Espresso

spresso is the concentration of coffee beans, divided into single (7-9 grams) and double shots (10-14 grams). Ideally, the water temperature for espresso is 93 ° C. The espresso machine uses a timer and automatic temperature control, making sure to always flush the remaining water from the machine (flush) every time you make a new espresso.

You can use a pressed skirt if you don’t have a coffee machine. There are many alternatives to making good cafe-style coffee without the big bucks.

Tools and Materials:

  • Espresso cups
  • Presso skirt
  • 12 grams (double shot) of coffee that has been finely ground
  • Water

How to brew espresso coffee with a press skirt:

Read too: Complete Coffee Information

  • Lower the lever of the presso skirt.
  • Boil the water to 93 ° C.
  • Put coffee in a presso skirt.
  • Put the water in the presso skirt.
  • Gently lift the lever, not too fast, or hot water can gush upwards.
  • Place the espresso cup under the portafilter.
  • Press the lever until there is no water left.
  • Enjoy.

2. Americano

Americano is one of the most popular black coffee drinks in America. The aroma is strong like espresso, but the taste is not too thick. Visually, the crema in americano is not as much as long black because most of it breaks down when hot water is added.

How to make black coffee on this one is quite easy because not many materials and tools are needed.

Tools and Materials:

  • Cup
  • Espresso machine
  • 12 grams of coffee that has been finely ground
  • Hot water

How to brew cafe-style americano coffee:

  • Put the coffee in the espresso machine.
  • Turn on the espresso machine.
  • Boil the water to 93 ° C.
  • Preheat the cup (optional).
  • Pour the espresso into a cup (30 ml).
  • Add hot water.
  • Enjoy.

3. Long Black

What distinguishes long black from americano is the order in which water is entered. Long black will taste thicker at the beginning, but the lighter you drink, the crema on the long black will be more visible than americano.

Tools and Materials:

  • Cup
  • Espresso machine
  • 12 grams of coffee that has been finely ground
  • Hot water

How to brew long black cafe-style coffee:

  • Put the coffee in the espresso machine.
  • Turn on the espresso machine.
  • Preheat the cup (optional).
  • Pour hot water into a cup.
  • Add espresso (30 ml).
  • Enjoy.

4. Cappuccino

Cappuccino is a drink that originated in Italy. The basic ingredients are double shot espresso and steamed milk.

Tools and Materials:

  • Cup
  • Espresso machine
  • 12 grams of coffee that has been finely ground
  • Hot water
  • Milk
  • Steam pitcher

How to make cafe-style cappuccino coffee:

  • Put the coffee in the espresso machine.
  • Turn on the espresso machine.
  • Prepare the milk into the steam pitcher, fill only half the pitcher.
  • Heat the milk to approx. 90 ° C.
  • Beat milk with a french press. If using a sophisticated espresso machine, use the frother until it is foamy.
  • Insert the end of the frother just 1 cm from the surface of the milk so that the foam is light and plentiful.
  • Stop when the foam has filled the pitcher.
  • Pour the espresso into a cup (30 ml).
  • Leave a space between the pitcher and the cup about 6 cm.
  • Pour the steamed, frothed milk directly into the center.
  • When pouring, shorten the distance while speeding up pouring so that the foam is on top and looks bright.
  • Enjoy.

5. Latte

A latte or cafe latte has the same components as a cappuccino, but only uses a little foam. This drink is very popular because it can be further varied in terms of presentation and taste.

Tools and Materials:

  • Cup
  • Espresso machine
  • 14 grams of coffee that has been finely ground
  • Hot water
  • Milk
  • Steam pitcher

How to make cafe-style coffee latte:

  • Put the coffee in the espresso machine.
  • Turn on the espresso machine.
  • Prepare the milk into the steam pitcher.
  • Steam milk until thickened, approx. 90 ° C.
  • Beat milk with a french press. If using a sophisticated espresso machine, use the frother until it is foamy.
  • Stop when the foam starts to appear to cover the surface, it doesn’t need as much as a cappuccino.
  • Turn the pitcher so that the foam mixes with the milk.
  • Pour the espresso into a cup (30 ml).
  • Pour 90 ml of the boiled and frothed milk.
  • Pour slowly directly into the middle of the coffee so that the color is even (you can practice latte art while).
  • Enjoy.

Don’t get obsessed with latte art right away, the ratio of milk to coffee is what matters. Latte art enhances presentation and looks cute, but making great coffee takes precision. It’s useless to have a good appearance but the taste of the drink is not good.

6. Macchiato

Macchiato is a drink that is suitable for those of you who like the taste of espresso but with a little creamy taste from milk. The espresso to milk ratio for a macchiato is 4: 1, so this drink is small and takes one sip like an espresso.

Tools and Materials:

Read too: Complete Coffee Information

  • Espresso cups
  • Espresso machine
  • 9 grams of coffee that has been finely ground
  • Hot water
  • Milk
  • Steam pitcher
  • Put the coffee in the espresso machine.
  • Turn on the espresso machine.
  • Prepare the milk into the steam pitcher.
  • Steam milk until thickened, approx. 90 ° C.
  • Beat the milk with a french press, if using a sophisticated espresso machine, use the frother until foamy.
  • Stop when the foam begins to appear covering the surface.
  • Turn the pitcher so that the foam mixes with the milk.
  • Pour the espresso into an espresso cup (30 ml).
  • Pour in the boiled, frothed milk just a little.
  • Enjoy.

7. Mochaccino

The way to make mochaccino coffee or cafe mocha is the same as a latte but adds chocolate as a mixture. We recommend using coffee beans or blends that accentuate the chocolate or caramel character for maximum results.

Tools and Materials:

  • Cup
  • Espresso machine
  • 7 grams of coffee that has been finely ground
  • Hot water
  • 9 grams of chocolate (dark is better)
  • Milk
  • Steam pitcher

How to make cafe-style mochaccino coffee:

  • Put the coffee in the espresso machine.
  • Turn on the espresso machine.
  • Prepare the milk into the steam pitcher.
  • Steam milk until thickened, approx. 90 ° C.
  • Beat the milk with a french press, if using a sophisticated espresso machine, use the frother until foamy.
  • Stop when the foam starts to appear to cover the surface, it doesn’t need as much as a cappuccino.
  • Turn the pitcher so that the foam mixes with the milk.
  • Dissolve the cocoa powder (add up to 30 ml of water).
  • Pour the espresso into a cup.
  • Stir it up.
  • Pour in 60 ml of the boiled, frothed milk.
  • Pour slowly directly into the center of the coffee.
  • Enjoy.

8. Affogato

Affogato is a classic Italian dessert that combines coffee with vanilla ice cream.

Tools and Materials:

  • Ice cream bowl
  • Espresso cups
  • Espresso machine
  • 9 grams of coffee that has been finely ground
  • Hot water
  • 1-2 scoops of vanilla ice cream (gelato is better)

How to make a cafe-style affogato:

  • Put the powder in the espresso machine.
  • Turn on the espresso machine.
  • Pour the espresso into a cup. Don’t pour the espresso straight from the machine into the ice cream, as this will speed up the ice cream from melting.
  • Cool the espresso, no need to put it in the refrigerator, just wait at room temperature.
  • Take 2 scoops of ice cream to a bowl.
  • Pour the espresso into a bowl when it cools.
  • Enjoy.

How to brew coffee with the brewing method (manual brew)

Manual brew is a way of making great coffee and is popular with coffee enthusiasts. This method of brewing coffee without a machine not only makes a delicious drink, but it is entertaining and attractive as well. Therefore, being able to do manual brewing is the main requirement as a cafe barista.

Broadly speaking, there are 4 methods of extraction with this method, namely boiling, steeping, pouring, and pressing. Although they vary, not all of these methods are applied in cafes.

Manual brew is not difficult but it takes practice, you can try it by following our guide. Here are some methods that are often used in cafes:

1. V60

How to brew good cafe-style coffee – v60
V60 is the most popular way of brewing coffee because the result is coffee that is delicious, light, and has a strong aroma. Usually, the cupping or observation process uses coffee brewed in this way.

Tools and Materials:

Read too: Complete Coffee Information

  • 15 grams of coffee ground medium. Use coffee beans or a suitable blend, the most suitable flavor characters are beans with a body bold and slightly sour.
  • Water
  • Filter
  • V60 dripper (plastic is better because it doesn’t absorb heat)
  • Kettles
  • Glass
  • Stopwatch
  • Electronic scale

How to brew good coffee using the v60 method:

  • Boil the water to a temperature of 90 ° C.
  • Prepare the glass on the scale.
  • Wet the filter with hot water, pour water just a little, don’t let it stagnate.
  • Enter the coffee that has been ground.
  • Slowly pour in the hot water in a constant circular motion.
  • The first pour for blooming, the process of removing carbon dioxide. Pour until the scale shows 30 ml, wait 45 seconds.
  • Pour the second to get acidity. Pour up to 80 ml, wait 45 seconds.
  • The third pour to get the body. Pour up to 150 ml, wait 30 seconds.
  • Last pour, up to 195 ml.
  • Before the dripping stops, remove it so that the last mixture does not mix.
  • Enjoy.

2. Vietnam Drip

Vietnamese drip is a way of brewing coffee developed by the Vietnamese people to maximize the character of Vietnamese coffee.

Using a tool like this is one way to make delicious and better milk coffee. Because the dregs are not mixed when using this tool, it is different from the Indonesian method.

Tools and Materials:

  • 17 grams of coffee that has been ground medium
  • Sweetened condensed milk
  • Glass
  • Vietnamese drip
  • Ice cubes, to be served cold
  • Water

How to brew good coffee with Vietnamese drip:

  • Prepare a glass.
  • Add two tablespoons of sweetened condensed milk.
  • Heat the water to 88 ° C.
  • Put the coffee in the dripper.
  • Pour hot water into the dripper.
  • Wait patiently for the water to stop dripping.
  • Stir it up.
  • Add ice if you want it to be served cold.

3. Siphon

This method of brewing coffee uses a special tool, namely a vacuum pot, this method is very fun and looks like you are doing a chemical experiment.

Tools and Materials:

  • 30 grams of coffee that is ground medium-fine or fine
  • 400 ml of water
  • Siphon tube (top and bottom beaker)
  • Vacuum filter
  • Spirt burners

How to make good coffee using the siphon method:

  • Install the siphon, make sure the filter covers the drains completely.
  • Boil water until warm, do not boil.
  • Enter the water into the vessel at the bottom (bottom beaker).
  • Turn on the methylated burner.
  • Wait for all the water to rise to the top vessel.
  • Turn off the fire.
  • Put coffee into the vessel that is on top (top beaker).
  • Stir it up.
  • Wait for the water dripping on the bottom beaker to stop.
  • Serve.

4. Aeropress

How to brew good cafe-style coffee – Aeropress
There are lots of tutorials on the internet that teach you how to make espresso coffee with Aeropress. Our advice, don’t! Because the taste is not good, the resulting body is different from the espresso using a presso skirt or machine.

Tools and Materials:

  • 16 grams of coffee medium-fine or fine ground
  • Aeropress (plunger, chamber, and filter)
  • Water
  • Cup

How to make good coffee with Aeropress:

Read too: Complete Coffee Information

  • Boil water to 88 ° C.
  • Prepare the aeropress, wet the filter.
  • Put the aeropress on the cup.
  • Put the powder into the chamber.
  • Add 220 ml of water, level 4 (aeropress has an indicator).
  • Shake the aeropress slowly, don’t stir it.
  • Remember, do steps 5 and 6 in 10 seconds.
  • Close the plunger and pull a little.
  • Wait 15 seconds.
  • Remove the plunger, stir.
  • Close again.
  • Press the plunger until it is level 1.
  • Enjoy.

Tips for you

Making good cafe-style coffee is not as easy as drinking it, it takes practice and accuracy. If the results are not good, don’t be discouraged and motivated yourself. Master the techniques we provide, so you can develop and experiment further. Good luck!

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