Coffee Drinks, Types of espresso-based coffee drinks you need to know :
- Long black.
- Con Panna.
- Black eye.
Apart from espresso-based drinks, several types of coffee drinks are made manually. Here are the types of manual brew :
- Brewed coffee.
- Pour over.
- Vietnamese drip.
- Plunger or press.
- Moka pot.
What types of coffee drinks do you often order at the coffee shop? Even though they have the same ingredients, the difference in the way they are served will certainly make it taste different too. The variety of dishes may be tempting and make you want to taste them one by one.
How to enjoy the drink brewed from this magic seed also varies. You can enjoy it at the shop or make it yourself at home. As long as you know and know what the composition is and how to make it, coffee can be enjoyed anywhere.
To add to your insight, we present information about the kinds of coffee drinks that are popular today. Hopefully, this can help you not only drink coffee but also get closer and get to know the drink you are sipping.
Read too: Coffee: History, Types, Coffee Benefits
Types of Espresso Based Coffee Drinks You Need to Know
Most coffee shops have an espresso machine, which is usually behind the bar. The machine is the main weapon for making delicious and varied offerings of coffee. The following are types of espresso based coffee drinks that you need to identify with
Espresso is a coffee that is extracted using a high-pressure brewing machine. The result is thick black and there is crema on the surface. Crema is a brown foam that fills the surface of a cup of espresso as well as a sign that the brewed coffee is still fresh.
Its name comes from Italian which means express or fast. Therefore, it is common for Italians to enjoy it in a short time.
Espresso is made without any additives and is served only about 30-45 ml. This type of coffee drink is the foundation for making other espresso-based drinks.
A cup of espresso is usually called a one-shot or single shot. Apart from one shot, this drink also comes in several different sizes, one of which is ristretto.
Ristretto is a drink that is only half the contents of espresso. The coffee dose is the same, but with a smaller dose of water. The serving size in one cup is only about 15-20 ml.
As opposed to ristretto, lungo adds a dose of water to one espresso. This makes the extraction process even longer. A cup of lungo is served about 130-170 ml.
Unlike lungo, doppio is twice the espresso. Doppio is usually served 60 ml in one cup. People who want to order a doppio sometimes also call it a double shot.
Read too: Complete Coffee Information
If the espresso is too thick and bitter, you can add hot water to it. Espresso with the addition of hot water is called americano.
It is said that the name americano was taken from a joke or mockery. Starting from Americans who asked for their espresso to be made thinner, the name americano was used to describe the coffee drink.
6. Long Black
Long black is a dish that is almost the same as americano. The composition is the same, namely espresso and hot water. The difference is very simple, namely the method of brewing it
Americano is served by adding hot water on top of the espresso. While long black is adding espresso on top of hot water.
The most noticeable feature of long black is the presence of crema. An americano, the crema is almost non-existent because it is split by the hot water.
The composition of the latte is espresso which is then mixed with milk which is steamed or heated with steam. Milk heated with steam will get thicker and form foam, foam, or froth. This thick milk is often used as coffee drink creations by baristas and is called latte art
Cappuccino is almost the same as a latte. The difference is, the composition of the milk is less and the milk foam is thicker. The composition ratio of cappuccino is one-third espresso, one-third steamed milk, and one-third milk foam.
Just like lattes and cappuccinos, macchiato consists of espresso and milk. Macchiato in Italian means a mark or spot. The spots in question are the froth on the espresso, or vice versa, the espresso on the milk.
There are at least two types of macchiato, namely latte macchiato (if there is more milk than espresso) and Caffe macchiato (if the milk is small and served in a small cup). Latte macchiato is usually served cold while Caffe macchiato is usually served hot in small cups.
Mochaccino is a blend of espresso, steamed milk, and chocolate. This drink is also often referred to as mocha, mocha, and café mocha. Its name is taken from a historical city in Yemen, as well as the port where coffee first became a world commodity, namely Mocha.
An affogato is an espresso dish with a scoop or two of ice cream. Generally, the ice cream used is a typical Italian ice cream, namely gelato.
Yes, this unique coffee drink comes from Italy. In Italian, affogato means drowning. Perhaps, the meaning of the name is the sinking of gelato in a glass of espresso.
12. Con Panna
Con Panna is a type of coffee drink consisting of espresso and whipped cream. Sometimes, people feel bored with the bitterness caused by a cup of espresso. Therefore, they added cream on top.
13. Black Eye
If you want a great coffee, then the black eye is the right solution. Unlike americano, which is espresso with hot water, the black eye uses black coffee as an extra espresso. Black coffee can be made using a percolator or by the manual brew method.
This type of drink has many names in several countries, including a red-eye, coffee with espresso, a shot in the dark, and even eye-opener. Maybe the concentration and strength of this type of coffee drink can make your eyes wake up when drowsiness hits.
Read too: Complete Coffee Information
Popular Types of Manual Brew Coffee Drinks
There are many types of coffee drinks, not only in terms of composition but also by the way they are brewed. Not only the type of espresso drink but coffee extracted without a machine is also popular with many audiences. This type of non-espresso coffee drink is often referred to as manual brew coffee.
Several manual brew techniques are no less popular than other types of espresso coffee drinks. Even though the brew using the manual brew method is not as thick as espresso, the surface is covered with a thick crema. Especially for connoisseurs who are idealistic about the coffee they drink, from the type, origin of the region, the post-harvest process, and how it is brewed.
It seems that manual brew is a coffee menu in a cafe that has its charm. The brewing process, which takes longer, makes the coffee even more special. There is a magical effect in itself that makes people appreciate and make sense of the coffee they drink.
The following are the types of manual brew coffee drinks that are popular among coffee lovers. Not only can you enjoy it in a coffee shop, but you can also make it at home.
1. Brewed coffee
Etymologically, Brewed coffee is Indonesian which is taken from the Javanese language which means hit or tarpaulin. As the name suggests, the way to make brewed coffee is only exposed to hot water without specific tools. The brewed coffee method is also popular as a manual brew in the world coffee scene.
Unlike espresso which is drunk immediately, brewed coffee tends to be more enjoyable to drink casually. Most Indonesian people used to enjoy it while chatting with friends or other closest people. That way, it is not only the coffee that is sipped but also the philosophical meanings of each chat.
Brewed coffee is a drink with coffee grounds settling at the bottom of a glass which is known as dregs. Because the coffee powder has been submerged for a long time, the taste will change. This provides a great coffee experience.
2. Pour Over
Pour over is a brewing technique by flowing water on the coffee grounds, which then drops the brewed water into a serving glass. This method requires a filter and dripper as a filter as well as a container to maximize the dissolving process between coffee grounds and water. Conceptually, pour-over is a percolation technique, in which a solution is produced from the flow of water that passes through the dissolved substance and then is filtered.
The coffee produced from this brew has a clear taste. Although crema rarely creates on the surface, the resulting pour-over is still rich in aroma and taste.
There are at least two popular tools that are commonly used to make this type of coffee drink, namely Chemex and V60. Both require filter paper to filter the coffee powder.
If you want to occasionally taste or make your pour-over coffee drink, you need a tool called a dripper and filter paper. One dripper that is popularly used and widely available in coffee shops is the V60.
This dripper was created in Tokyo, Japan in 2004 by a company called Hario. Because the shape resembles the letter “v” with an angle of 60 °, it is named V60. Available in a variety of materials, including glass, plastic, and ceramic.
The results of the V60 steeping tend to be light and not thick. You will not find a thick crema like that in espresso. However, the resulting sour taste and aroma are maximized.
Unlike the V60, Chemex is not a dripper. Chemex is made of borosilicate glass. The shape resembles an Erlenmeyer flask in a chemical laboratory.
The Chemex surface expands and serves to hold the filter paper filled with coffee grounds. Technically, the brewing method and the brewing result are almost the same as the V60 and other pours over methods.
3. Vietnamese drip
Vietnam in the coffee world is famous for drinking milk coffee made using the Vietnamese dripper. This drink has many nicknames in various places, including Vietnamese iced coffee, drip coffee, and vietnam drip. The Vietnamese themselves call this drink cà phê đá.
Vietnam dripper is a filter that resembles a small glass in which coffee grounds are brewed. The filter or dripper is placed on a glass that has been filled with sweetened condensed milk. The brewing method has a pour-over concept, which is the steeping water will slowly flow through the coffee powder and eventually fall into the glass below.
The results of the coffee extract that have been mixed with milk are generally served cold by adding ice cubes. Besides being served cold, some people also like to enjoy this Vietnamese coffee while it’s warm. If you are on vacation in this country, to be precise on the streets of Ho Chi Minh, hot Vietnamese coffee drinks are served with a shot of fresh green tea.
4. Plunger or Press
Another manual brew method that is popular in cafes is the plunger or press method. Even though it requires pressure (press), the pressure is not as strong as an espresso machine or maker.
The types of coffee drinks produced by this method are very different from espresso coffee drinks. Only a little crema and the character is not as thick as espresso.
There are at least two popular tools for making coffee using the plunger method, namely the French press and Aeropress. The French press relies on a plunger to press the coffee grounds to the bottom after brewing. This way, you can pour the coffee extract into a cup and enjoy it with friends without any residue remaining in the glass.
Meanwhile, Aeropress is a tool created by the Aerobie company, which originally produced sports toys. The way of brewing is by pressing the plunger. The hot water will press the coffee grounds and pass through the filter and then fall into the glass.
Perhaps you have seen a device that resembles tubes like the one in a laboratory when visiting a coffee shop. This tool is a vacuum pot or also known as a siphon. This tool may not be as popular as other coffee makers because it tends to be complicated.
This tool consists of two tubes and one heater. The top tube is for the coffee extraction process, while the bottom tube is for the water as well as the extraction results.
The coffee grounds will be brewed with water from the bottom tube which rises to the top tube as they are heated. After the extract process is complete, turn off the heater. The brewed water will go down to the bottom tube.
6. Moka Pot
If you want to make your espresso at home but don’t have the budget to buy an espresso machine, a mocha pot is the solution. This traditional coffee maker from Italy was created by Alfonso Bialetti in 1933.
Like making espresso in a machine, this tool also relies on pressure to extract the coffee. The process of extracting this tool can be said to be included in the placement technique. It’s just that the high pressure makes the result as thick as espresso.
7. Cold Brew
Another type of coffee drink that is processed uniquely is cold brew. The name cold brew refers to the extraction process, which is using cold water.
Cold-brew is different from iced coffee. This drink is made without using hot water at all. Meanwhile, iced coffee is made by first brewing coffee using hot water, then adding ice cubes.
How to make cold brew, of course, is not the same as brewing with hot water. Cold brew is made by soaking coffee grounds in a closed container or bottle. The coffee marinade is then stored in the refrigerator for about 8-20 hours according to taste, the longer the coffee will be thicker.
The acidity level of cold brew coffee tends to be lower than coffee brewed with hot water. This makes it popular among ulcer sufferers and those with sensitive stomachs.
Read too: Complete Coffee Information
Choose Manual Brew or Espresso Based?
Those are the types of coffee drinks that you need to recognize. Which one is your favorite? Do you prefer manual brew or espresso-based?
There are no precise parameters to measure which dish is better. Everything comes back to taste, and the wisest way to judge whether a coffee is delicious is to sip it.
Going to a coffee shop is fun because you can enjoy a special brew of coffee. However, being a barista at home is no less fun, at least being able to make brewed coffee. It’s an incomparable pleasure to be able to drink coffee while chatting casually with family or friends at home.