10 Largest Coffee Producing Countries in the World :
Coffee can grow well in tropical climates, located between 20 ° North Latitude and 20 ° South Latitude. The area of coffee plantations extends from South America, Southeast and South Asia, and several countries in Africa. Some of the largest coffee-producing countries in the world come from these tropical climates.
It is said that before when European nations brought coffee seeds from Ethiopia and were planted in their countries, these plants could not grow properly. Therefore, several European countries make use of the colony located in the tropics to cultivate coffee. Starting from here then coffee became a busy commodity traded in the world.
This magic seed when it is brewed does have a magical power that makes anyone fall asleep at its pleasure. Many countries are competing to produce and offer their best coffees. Here are the top 10 biggest coffee-producing countries in the world.
The largest coffee producing country in the world is Brazil, which has dominated the coffee export market since 1830. Brazil’s export share accounts for 30% of total world trade in this magical black bean. Samba country is also the largest Arabica producer in the world because 80% of its production is arabica type.
The majority of coffee plantations are located in Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, and Parana. These three states would have an ideal temperature for coffee production.
Largest Coffee Producing Country – Brazilian Coffee
The popularity of coffee in Brazil began in the colonial period, around the 16th to 18th centuries. At that time, there was a famous plantation and historical value in Brazil, namely Fazenda. The plantation is used to produce coffee and is concentrated in the northeastern part of the country of Brazil.
This plantation consistently uses traditional methods of planting and processing coffee. In fact, that year, this plantation produced more than half of the world’s coffee production.
In 2016, coffee production in Brazil reached more than 2.5 million tons. This figure is far above the other largest coffee-producing countries which in that year also could not reach 2 million tons. Because of this large amount of production, Brazil is ranked as the first largest coffee producing country in the world.
The first Coffea plant to grow in Vietnam was innate from the French in the 19th century. After the end of the war in 1975, the development of coffee production in Vietnam was stretched.
Based on data collected by the International Coffee Organization, Vietnam is the second-largest coffee producing country in the world. Because the first place is occupied by Brazil, Vietnam automatically becomes the largest coffee producing country in Southeast Asia.
Plantations in this country only focus on robusta coffee production. The amount of production in 2016 reached around 1.6 million tons. Vietnam may be ranked number two in the list of the largest coffee-producing countries in the world, but this country has become the largest robusta producer in the world.
Largest Coffee Producing Country – Vietnam Drip
Vietnam, in the coffee world, is famous for its distinctive coffee drinks, namely cà phê đá. This drink is basically a serving of cold coffee with the addition of sweetened condensed milk.
The process of extracting the coffee uses a metal filter cup or so-called dripper so you have to wait drop by drop. Therefore, this drink is also often referred to as coffee drip. Cà phê đá has several other names in various places, including Vietnamese iced coffee, coffee drip, and Vietnamese drip.
Colombia might be famous as a country full of political conflicts. However, in addition to that, there is another thing that makes this country so global gait, namely coffee. Colombia is the third largest coffee producer in the world.
Coffee has been developed in Colombia since 1790. However, the country was only able to export it in 1835 and has since become an important commodity. In 2016, the total production of this magical seed in Colombia reached 810,000 tons.
Largest Coffee Producing Country – Colombian Coffee
Colombian farmers know very well that to produce the best coffee beans, the best care is needed from planting, harvesting or picking, to post-harvest processing. Therefore, UNESCO also declared several coffee plantations in Colombia to be one of the world heritages. The plantation areas include Antioquia, Caldas, Risaralda, Quindío, Tolima, and Valle del Cauca.
Some world history of coffee states that coffee first entered Indonesia was in 1696. At that time, the Dutch on behalf of the VOC took it and cultivated it in Indonesia with the Cultivation System.
In the 1700s, this magic seed became a VOC mainstay commodity. The Netherlands also monopolized the world coffee market at that time. Java Island is one of its production centers.
After independence, the rate of coffee in Indonesia was slightly hampered. However, thanks to the persistence of the farmers and the nationalization of the plantation of the former Dutch East Indies government, eventually the plantations began to rise and develop.
The Largest Coffee Producing Country – Indonesian Coffee
In the 2000s, Indonesian coffee again skyrocketed. Indonesia is ranked as the fourth largest coffee producing country in the world after Brazil, Vietnam, and Colombia. Total coffee production in Indonesia is estimated at 660,000 tons per year 2016. The diversity of coffee flavors grown in various regions in Indonesia is recognized by the international community.
There are some of the largest coffee producing regions in Indonesia that are worldwide. These areas are spread across Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, East Nusa Tenggara, and Papua. The taste of the coffee is different and each has its own uniqueness.
Be proud of us as a country that has abundant natural resources, many unique spices, and plants that can grow in the archipelago, such as coffee, tobacco as cigarettes, beautiful nature, and many other natural resources.
Ethiopia is a country where the Coffea arabica plant was first discovered centuries ago. It seems that a lot of literature says that. One of them is the famous fable from Ethiopia, namely Khaldi and the Dancing Goat.
Although originating from Ethiopia, but this plant was popularized by the Arabs. Coffee from Ethiopia is carried by Arab traders and distributed throughout the world through the port of Mocha, Yemen.
Largest Coffee Producing Country – Ethiopian Coffee Process.
This country is indeed the place of origin of coffee found and becomes a legendary drink. However, the country is not the biggest coffee producer. With a total production of approximately 384,000 tons in 2016, Ethiopia ranks fifth in the largest coffee producing country in the world.
As the country of origin of the Coffea plant, Ethiopia has many varieties of native arabica coffee, among which the famous ones are limu, harar, and sidamo. In addition, there are still hundreds or even thousands of varieties that grow wild in Ethiopia as a result of mutations that have occurred for hundreds of years.
In fact, so many varieties are scattered in Ethiopia, there is some information that is not widely known. These varieties are then known as ethiopian heirloom.
The sixth-largest coffee producing country is occupied by Honduras. In addition, Honduras is also well-known as a banana producing country so it is commonly referred to as the Banana Republic.
Largest Coffee Producing Country – Honduras Coffee Drying
Honduras has cool air and good nature for growing coffee plants. This country had experienced a shortage in infrastructure to support coffee production. However, over time and the development of the times, Honduran agriculture also developed.
Coffee production in Honduras in 2016 was 348,000 tons. The character of the natural Arabica coffee flavor grown in Honduras is mild, slightly acidic, and very balanced to be mixed into coffee blends. Based on data from the International Coffee Organization, all Honduran plantations are used to produce arabica coffee.
Coffee in India is often grown alongside cardamom and cinnamon farming. These crops use the rainy climate to grow. This makes the coffee have the aroma and flavor of the spice.
Coffee production in India in 2016 reached the same figure as Honduras, which is 348,000 tons. Not all places in India are suitable for coffee. The plantations are mostly in the hills of southern India.
Largest Coffee Producing Country – Indian Coffee Harvest
Source: coffeemaker The first coffee that entered Indonesia was arabica brought by the Dutch from Malabar, India. Although it also cultivates arabica, the main type of coffee produced in India is Robusta.
Unfortunately, tea is more popular for consumption by people in India than coffee. Therefore, the production of coffee is intended for export purposes. The main buyers are Russia and several European countries.
In the beginning, coffee could spread to Uganda because it was introduced by the Ethiopians. Starting from here, coffee has an important role in the Ugandan economy. Most of the inhabitants also work in the magic seed industry which can become a beverage that is loved by the people of this world.
Largest Coffee Producing Country – Uganda Coffee
Unlike Ethiopia, whose coffee is approved by Arabica species, Uganda produces more robusta than Arabica. Based on data from the International Coffee Organization, total coffee production in Uganda in 2016 was around 288,000 tons.
In the sequence of the nine largest coffee-producing countries in the world, perched the name of Mexico. Coffee production totaled 234,000 tons in 2016. Presumably, Mexico is responsible for most of the importance of United States coffee.
Coffee was first introduced in Mexico at the end of the 18th century, approved in the state called Veracruz. At the end of the 19th century, coffee began to be distributed to Chiapas and the region became the main coffee cultivation region in Mexico. In the early 1980s, coffee plantations spread rapidly to several states in Mexico.
Largest Coffee Producing Country – Mexicans
There is one governing body of the Mexican government which is responsible for providing technical assistance, export administration and asking for the price of coffee to remain stable in the market. The agency was named Instituto Mexicano del Cafe. However, this body broke up in 1989.
In the 2000s the coffee crisis hit Mexico. This raises huge social and economic problems. Lowering, coffee production in Mexico also declined.
The crisis did not wear off Mexico’s eternal love for its coffee. The hard work of the workers can finally solve the problem well. Losses can be overcome by the free market and can still be controlled.
The next largest coffee producing country is Guatemala. The climate of this country is very suitable for coffee production. The most appropriate situation for coffee production in Guatemala is at temperatures of 16 to 32 ° C with a height of 500-700 meters above sea level.
Largest Coffee-Producing Country – Guatemala Coffee Drying
Coffee production in Guatemala began around 1850 and has not stopped production since. In the 1960s, the government increasingly supported coffee production because of the growing market demand. Therefore, the government formed Anacafe (Asociación Nacional del Café).
Based on data from the International Coffee Organization in 2016, Guatemala’s coffee production reached 104,000 tons. The amount of production is quite consistent in recent years.