Kopi Luwak is a beverage derived from coffee beans harvested from wild civet feces that are cleaned. This drink has a finer taste than coffee in general, presumably, this is caused by the fermentation process in the stomach of the mongoose. Indonesian civet coffee is one of the luxury drinks that is exported at very high prices.
Kopi Luwak Coffee is one of the most expensive coffee in the world because this drink has exotic value and its availability is very rare. Indonesian Kopi Luwak is selling well and is very popular in coffee lovers because it has a smooth and friendly taste in the stomach.
Not everyone can appreciate this drink because many feel disgusted with the basic ingredients derived from mongoose manure. Therefore, this drink has also received a bad nickname in various countries. The term most widely used by US media is “cat coffee poop”.
Various issues tilted attacking this typical Indonesian beverage product. Even so, the Indonesian Kopi Luwak coffee industry seems unflappable and remains in demand in the market at high prices.
How is the actual process of Kopi Luwak coffee production? Why is it still expensive? Check out this article to find out the ins and outs of the most expensive coffee in the world.
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Why is Kopi Luwak Coffee Expensive?
Three main factors make Indonesian coffee Kopi Luwak more expensive than coffee in general. These three factors are a long production process, the amount of harvest is not as big as ordinary coffee beans, and the taste of coffee is not concentrated.
Initially, this drink was discovered when the Dutch colonial government implemented a forced cultivation of coffee. People who are curious about the taste of coffee find seeds that are still intact in the feces of an animal like a weasel. They process the seeds from the dirt, roast it, then brew it.
The Pleasure of This Drink was Heard by The Dutch Government.
They then collect and sell Indonesian Kopi Luwak very expensive. The process starts when the coffee plant enters the harvest period. Fruit that is ready to be harvested will start to turn reddish. Civet has the habit and ability to choose the best quality coffee fruit so that these animals will eat fruit with good seeds.
The fruit that is eaten will be digested by this animal, strangely, the digestion of this animal cannot destroy the layer of coffee, only fruit flesh, and epidermis. In the digestion of animals like this cat, the seeds will undergo a fermentation process.
Dirt or feces from the mongoose will later be collected for cleaning. No kidding, the washing process can take up to 5-7 times. The washing process is also carried out in running water to maintain cleanliness.
After cleaning, the next process is roasting. The roasting process is only up to medium roast level. The reason is to maintain a unique taste character.
Roasted seeds are then packaged in whole (whole beans) or powder for sale. Some breeding areas even open Luwak coffee cafes so that visitors can enjoy this most expensive coffee immediately after roasting.
The price of wild Indonesian Kopi Luwak coffee on the market reaches more than Rp 1,000,000.00 per kg. A cup of Kopi Luwak in Jakarta, for example, costs around Rp. 70,000.00 per cup. Abroad, the price of a cup of this drink is around 35 USD. If the form of seeds or powder costs 100 to 600 USD per 450 grams.
Difference Between Kopi Luwak Coffee and Ordinary
Kopi Luwak coffee goes through a longer process flow before it gets to your cup. Because the process is different, the taste and content in the most expensive coffee in the world will certainly not be the same as ordinary coffee.
At first glance, there is nothing different from this drink, the color produced is the same as coffee, brownish-black. However, if you already talk about the aroma and taste of course not the same.
The taste of Kopi Luwak is very smooth, there is no bitter taste, and there is a bit of fruit acid that is refreshing. The final taste or aftertaste of the most expensive coffee is very clean, does not leave bitter.
Indonesian Kopi Luwak almost always has a unique fruity taste. The coffee beans in each region have different taste characters. This natural fermentation process in the mongoose’s stomach gives rise to a strong sense of fruity when brewed.
The aroma of this luxurious drink is more fragrant and stronger. There is not the slightest trace of animal feces or other unpleasant odors.
2. Substance content
According to Hasanuddin University research results, there is no difference from the types of substances contained in civet coffee with regular coffee. However, there are differences in the levels of substances contained in them:
- The percentage of caffeine content of robusta Kopi Luwak coffee is 1.77% and arabica civet is 1.74%, while for normal robusta coffee is 1.91% and ordinary arabica is 1.85%.
- The percentage of protein contained in 16.23% robusta civet coffee and 14.84% arabica mongoose, while 18.34% robusta coffee and 16.72% ordinary arabica coffee.
- The fat content in robusta coffee is 18.45% and arabica civet 19.76%, while the normal robusta coffee is 16.41% and ordinary arabica is 17.37%.
In short, the levels of caffeine and protein in Kopi Luwak coffee beans are slightly lower than regular coffee. Meanwhile, the fat content in the most expensive coffee is slightly higher compared to coffee in general. Both of these results apply to Arabica and Robusta seeds, where Arabica beans are lower in caffeine than Robusta.
Get to Know The Civet Animals
Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus), is a small mammal that is still in the ferret family (Viverridae). This animal is classified as small with a length of about 50-90 cm from head to tail. Its fur is mostly dark gray, white in the face area, and black at the tip of the tail, under the eyes, ears, and feet.
The call ‘mongoose’ comes from the mention by the Javanese. More broadly known this animal is better known in the world as Asian palm civet. These animals are spread in the southern regions of Asia such as India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, and the Philippines.
Civet’s original habitat is in the forest because they usually live on tall tree trunks. However, often they also go to the lower plains and plantation areas to find food. These animals actively search for food at night or nocturnal.
Civet including lonely animals, in the wild they will mark their area. So if there are humans or other animals that come they can immediately run or hide. That is the reason why it is very difficult to find this weasel.
Civet is an omnivorous animal. The main food is fruits such as papaya, rambutan, mango, and banana. Other foods are small animals and insects, such as rats, chicks, and beetles.
This small mammal plays an important role in the most expensive coffee production process in the world. Unfortunately, it is difficult to find and arrange wild animals to eat coffee, because for this ferret coffee is only a snack. Many producers finally decided to make captivity to facilitate the production process.
The Difference Between Wild Kopi Luwak Coffee vs Captivity
Wild Kopi Luwak coffee beans are light brownish yellowish, while the captive-bred beans are pale light brown. Visually, the difference will not be seen if the seeds have been roasted because the color has turned brown. But while it’s still in the form of a green bean, you can see the difference in the color of the seeds.
In terms of taste, wild Kopi Luwak coffee feels smoother but has a thicker body than the results of captivity. Even some people feel that the result of captive civet coffee makes nausea.
The difference between the two is caused by different eating patterns. In the wild, these weasels eat their coffee as a snack, not as a main food. While in captivity, the coffee fruit is a food that is always given to this animal.
The next factor is the difference in the quality of the fruit eaten by these animals. This nocturnal animal has the ability and habit to only eat ripe and good quality coffee directly from the tree. In captivity, their food is prepared by humans.
Indonesian Kopi Luwak Coffee Producing Areas
Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, and the Philippines are the most expensive coffee producing countries in the world. But in the civet coffee industry, Indonesia is the largest country, both in production and export.
The Indonesian Kopi Luwak coffee industry is flourishing in Sumatra, Bali, Java, and Sulawesi. Usually, breeding is also in the area of coffee-producing plantations, so it’s easier to provide coffee cherries.
Read too : Various Types of Coffee and Coffee Beans
Kopi Luwak coffee producing regions in Indonesia are:
- Gayo, Aceh
- Sidikalang, North Sumatra
- Pagar Alam, South Sumatra
- Garut, West Java
- Toraja, South Sulawesi
- Kintamani, Bali
No longer just a bean-producing industry, now a lot of Kopi Luwak coffee breeding is open to tourists. The location is located in an area that is often a destination for local and foreign tourists. Some of the most well-known are located in Bali and Bandung.
Kopi Luwak Coffee and Animal Abuse Issues
Unfortunately, the rapid development of the Indonesian Kopi Luwak coffee industry must face rejection from environmental activists. Captivity for mammals is considered a form of animal abuse or abuse of animals.
In Indonesia, the most expensive coffee breeding and industry is regulated in Permentan 37 of 2015. Animal husbandry and breeding are precisely supported because in the wild and non-coffee plantations the weasel family is considered pests.
The rejection of animal lovers for captivity is not without reason. Various campaigns that have been carried out by animal lovers have several reasons, including:
Many captive breeds place mongoose in a small cage with no place to climb. In fact, these animals have an instinct and habit of climbing tall trees. Being in such a small environment can make it stressful.
Some manufacturers do not even bother to keep clean from this animal cage. Dirty cages make ferrets more susceptible to disease. Especially if the cage model is close to one another, the disease can be quickly transmitted.
2. Without Food Variation
To meet nutritional needs, civets need protein and vitamins obtained from meat, insects, and other fruits. A good producer provides a varied menu of food from morning to night. These animals are only given coffee fruit once a day and the numbers are few.
But to pursue profit, bad producers will give coffee fruit without giving other food variations to this animal. Bad producers owned Luwak will only eat good fruit at first. When good fruit is gone and they feel hungry, they have no choice but to eat bad fruit.
Nutritional needs that are not properly considered can make these mammals malnourished.
3. High-Stress Level
Civet who live in bad captivity will usually feel stressed. They will nibble at their cages, screaming, pacing in a cage, even hurting themselves. If continuously ignored in the end this animal will get sick and die.
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Indications of this animal when sick can be seen from the feces. If the stool is light brown and dark then that means there is no problem. If there are red spots or even blood mixed, this is a sign that the animal is sick.
Poor breeding will not bother to treat and care for sick animals. They prefer to take it off or let it die, then look for a replacement because it’s easier and cheaper.
Is Kopi Luwak Coffee Halal?
Debate about halal or haram is what often arises among coffee lovers who are Muslim. The main factor that is being debated is the origin of the material. This drink is processed from animal feces, feces have unclean or dirty elements.
Indonesian Ulema Council, with fatwa number 7 of 2010, agreed that drinks from animal digestion are halal. The determination of this fatwa was carried out after consideration from several sources including the Koran, Hadith, fiqh science, and scientific research.
The first reason, because after leaving the digestive mongoose, the seeds are still wrapped in horn skin and can grow back if planted. Digestion of these animals is very short, so the fruit seeds can not be destroyed in the stomach.
The second reason, Kopi Luwak coffee is included in the category of muttanajjis (unclean items) and not unclean. So, after being purified and free of impurities, the object returns to its essence, namely halal. Still, Interested in Trying the Most Expensive Coffee in the World?
Indonesian Kopi Luwak is the most expensive coffee on the market. Many agree if the drink that comes from animal feces is better than regular coffee. Plus it tastes smoother and more friendly in the stomach because of lower caffeine.
Because of these advantages, there’s nothing wrong if you try this drink. But the most expensive predicate does not necessarily make it the most delicious coffee. There are many delicious coffee products and are not inferior to coffee digestive results of this ferret-like animal.
Read too : Complete coffee information
Some people prefer and like the taste of ordinary coffee because it is considered stronger and more concentrated. They feel that Indonesian Kopi Luwak coffee does not deserve to be valued up to twice that of regular coffee. So how? Are you still interested in trying this luxury drink?